中国科学技术大学 地点：唐仲英楼 B501 时间：2017-03-27 10:00
Abstract: Entanglement, a critical resource for quantum information processing, needs to be witnessed in many practical scenarios. Theoretically, witnessing entanglement is by measuring a special Hermitian observable, called an entanglement witness (EW), which has non-negative expected outcomes for all separable states but can have negative expectations for certain entangled states. In practice, an EW implementation may suffer from two problems. The first one is reliability. Due to unreliable realization devices, a separable state could be falsely identified as an entangled one. The second problem relates to robustness. A witness may not be optimal for a target state and fail to identify its entanglement. To overcome the reliability problem, we employ a recently proposed measurement-device-independent entanglement witness scheme, in which the correctness of the conclusion is independent of the implemented measurement devices. In order to overcome the robustness problem, we optimize the EW to draw a better conclusion given certain experimental data. With the proposed EW scheme, where only data postprocessing needs to be modified compared to the original measurement-device-independent scheme, one can efficiently take advantage of the measurement results to maximally draw reliable conclusions.
Profile: Yuan Xiao mainly focused on theoretical researches of three subjects of quantum information, including measuring and quantifying quantumness, random number generation, and selftesting quantum information. I also worked on the interplays of these subjects and their experimental realizations. From September 2012 to September 2016, he have published 16 journal publications (including 2 PRL, 1 PRX, 2 NPJ quantum information, 1 Optica, 1 NJP, and 7 PRA), 3 pre-print papers, and 2 patent applications. Basically, he is interested in all fundamental researches of quantum mechanics, such as many body physics, resource theory, quantum cryptography, and quantum computing.